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Improving Policy Responses to Interactions between Global Environmental Change and Food Security across the
Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP)

The research will address key technical, policy and resource management concerns related to how GEC-induced changes in water availability and access will affect the food systems which underpin food security in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP).

The project will help to:

  • Raise awareness among the policy community and resource managers in the IGP of the regional food security issues
  • Integrate natural, social, economic and policy research in developing decision support system to help make informed policy for food security and environmental management
  • Enhance capacity in the natural resource management and livelihood research sectors related to food security
  • Consolidate regional collaboration across the four countries, linked to other APN countries and the international research community through ESSP-GECAFS. Research outputs will also address several issues relating to climate change and food security.

Project Focus

GEC-induced changes in water availability and access, and food systems

Project Leader

Dr. Ajaya Dixit
Nepal Water Conservation Foundation (NWCF)

Participating Countries

  • Developing Countries:
    1. Bangladesh
    2. India
    3. Pakistan
    4. Sri Lanka
  • Developed Countries and International Organizations:
    1. Australia 
    2. New Zealand 
    3. U.S.A. 


Counterpart from Pakistan :          Mr. Kashif M. Salik 
                                             (Research Fellow, GCISC)

Duration of the Project:               3 years  (2006-2009)

Starting Date:                             August 26, 2006

Financial Award for Pakistan :       Year 1  : $ 4,875

  • First installment : $ 3,900 (released on 05/01/07)
  • Second installment: $ 975 (to be released in July 2007)


A broad conceptualization of food systems builds upon other disciplinary or sectoral studies, but the integration of these studies into a comprehensive understanding for  the IGP is something new. An integrated analysis is required to assess vulnerability to GEC in the context of socio-economic and political changes. Some studies have looked into the impact of climate change and globalization on agriculture. The methods and findings of these studies emphasized the importance of local level studies and careful data collection. Although there has been discussion about reliance of food production in the IGP on water availability, little has been done to examine the links between water availability, water quality and other aspects of food security, namely access and utilization.

This study will look into these interactions.

Objectives of the Study

  • To identify the vulnerability of case study food systems in the IGP to GEC in the context of socio-economic issues/changes
  • To enhance capacity within APN scientific community to raise awareness within the policy making community of the vulnerability of case study food system to GEC
  • To improve policy formulation by district and national institutions for identifying adaptation strategies to reduce the vulnerability of IGP food system to GEC

Proposed Project Methodologies

The studies will involve desk literature reviews, visits to relevant institutions working on GEC and water resource issues in the study sites, and report writing.

Mode of Operation of the Project

In Pakistan , Mr. Kashif M. Salik will coordinate the study at IGP Site 1-District Gujrat in Pakistan Punjab. The GCISC has been involved in various studies on irrigation management in the Punjab area, as well as studies on water management and poverty. The study for this project will use secondary sources of information and data from department of hydrology and meteorology.

The project members will plan, organize, conduct and supervise collection, review and synthesis of relevant information available both in published and unpublished form, contact relevant institutions and experts to obtain additional information, and put together all the above information in a report according to mutually agreed format.

Concise timeline

August 28, 2006 – August 25, 2007. Existing information will be gathered on how GEC will affect surface and groundwater hydrology, and further assess how these changes in water availability will affect food systems.

Late September 2006. Regional Workshop to compare and contrast the five case studies, and outline a collaborative research agenda for continuing research.

Expected outputs/products

  • Current state of knowledge about how GEC may affect water resources at the selected sites in IGP, and how these changes will affect food systems
  • A regional synthesis of the five case studies
  • A proposed collaborative regional agenda for continued research which will ensure sustainability of the activities, which are already linked through GECAFS  


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