MAIN MENU
   Home
   About Us
   SP3C 2017
   Tender 2018
   Research Areas
    Physical Science
    Impacts, adaptation &      vulnerability
    Mitigation & climate      change policy
   Research Projects
   Publications
   Institutional Capacity
   Pakistan's Climate    Change Concerns and    Vulnerability
 
   Capacity Building and    Awareness raising
 
   Join us
   GCISC Staff
 
Monsoon Variability & Predictability


Introduction:

Natural variability of monsoon rains causes increase in frequency and intensity of hydro-meteorological disasters such as floods, heavy monsoonal rains, and droughts etc. Huge variations are encountered in the rainfall amount, which can have far reaching impacts on the economy of the country.

The precise predictability of monsoon rains has now become a need and an economically important exercise, and is necessary for meeting the country’s requirements regarding water resources, agriculture and for other purposes.

Pakistan basically is an agrarian based country and agriculture contributes around a quarter to the country’s GDP. Agricultural economy, however, is closely linked to the erratic behavior of monsoon rains over Pakistan.

The weighted monsoon (June to September) precipitation over the country, as a whole, is almost twice as high as the winter (December to March) precipitation. Dominant sources of water are brought by these monsoon rains. 

GCISC References:

Adnan, M., Rehman, N., Ali, S., Mehmood, S., Mir, K. A., Khan, A. A. and Khalid, B. (2017), Prediction of summer rainfall in Pakistan from global sea-surface temperature and sea-level pressure. Weather, 72:76-84. doi:10.1002/wea.2784.

Khan, F. & Shaukat Ali. (2017).Evaluation of Statistical Downscaling Models by using Pattern and Dependent Structure in the Monsoon Dominated Region of Pakistan. Journal of  Weather (Accepted)

 
 
News

 Science-Policy Conference on Climate Change (SP3C), December 18-20, 2017 @ ISLAMABAD

 Pakistan to stop importing furnace oil from next year: PM

 Govt to strengthen country's research capacity in climate change: minister

 Pakistan committed to tackling issue of climate change: PM

 Pakistan poised to meet climate change challenges: Nisar A. Memon

 Climate science and policy frameworks